Comic Books · Dc Comics · Golden Age

1953 Dec

Action Comics 187

Superman

Superman is following some crooks who had just pulled a job, but he notes a dynamite truck on the same road. He worries that something might happen with the truck during the chase and is relieved when the truck pulls onto a side road. But the road there is being repaired and Superman knows the heat might also set off the dynamite. Superman stops to bring the truck to safety, but he needn’t worry about the crooks as they had an accident and had perished. Superman laments that he doesn’t have enough power, or else he would known about the danger of the truck before.

One of the people watching this scene hears him and thinks ‘So– the great Superman admits he isn’t perfect, Eh? Well I mustn’t let that encourage me… I must remember that in all the years I’ve been battling him, I’ve always come out the loser.’ Which, okay what ever he’s obvo the villain in this piece, but I’ve never seen him before? Next panel he is called Silver by a man who works for him as they see Superman on TV, where he is on a show and is being told that in a few weeks the planets will be in the same position as when Krypton exploded. (Not possible in that amount of time but okay.)

The next day at a bridge opening ceremony Superman seems to hear a man say he is going, to jump, but he can tell the man is not speaking. Still, he rushes to be near the man. As he grew near the man did leap, and as Superman saved him he told the Kryptonian that he couldn’t help thinking about doing so as he walked across the bridge, and Superman comes to conclude that he might have heard the man’s thoughts. That night a similar occurrence- but this time a criminal who for some reason is stealing sand off a barge. He follows the man, and is lead to a lead lined cavern. Needless to say he is both shocked and pleased when he manages to see inside the cavern, though not as clearly as he does through other substances. But the men inside are doing nothing but piling up sand.

While helping set up for the news cast that will celebrate the solar system’s alignment with how it was on the day Superman’s planet died, he hears a man thinking that he had found some kryptonite. The man with the kryptonite goes to the cavern, and Superman feels it’s effect and thinks it must be true. Inside the cavern Silver is explaining to the men his plan and shows how he has had Superman ‘read’ minds by playing a radio message higher than a human could hear. And he changed the doors on the cavern to one with less lead, and then none, so Superman would now be able to see through ‘lead’. On his next visit to the cave the kryptonite has been switched for a fake, making Superman think he is now invulnerable to the mineral.

Seeing this he heads in, only for them to bring out the real thing, and they then tie him up. They taunt him with their plan to blow up Metropolis, if the city doesn’t pay ransom for it’s hero. Before they go one of the men wants to beat up the helpless Superman, so Silver moves the kryptonite away just enough so Superman can barely defend himself. Since he has little to to no strength he knows he must use his brain to get out of this situation. After he is beaten they leave him alone, but the do have a camera watching him. Silver tells his men that he’s not actually planing on turning off  the bomb, even if they get the cash.

But Superman just stands up, rips off his bonds and finds the bomb, in like five seconds and gets to the controls even though their covered with lead. Oh, oh see Superman managed to switch places with the man during the fight, who then rushed to destroy the bomb, as it he didn’t have the time to flee if the bomb went off. Then he headed to his gang and as they fled from the ‘Superman’ they left the kryptonite, so Superman was able to head in a pick them up. (The bonds were just weak, though strong enough to hold a kryptonited Superman.)

Congo Bill

Bill goes to see a friend, who is the new king of a small European country. Well not king yet. He tells Bill that he must first win a joust to get his crown. Well, not a real joust as the lance is rubber, but enough to fulfill the law. Bill’s sharp eyes see that his friend opponent is not using a rubber lance at all, but one made of steel. He tells his friend, who is worried. If he fails to win this joust, the man who beat him shall be king. Bill takes it upon himself to teach his friend to joust, in the short week before the duel.

When it is learned how skillful the king to be has become they drug his drink before the final showdown. Though he does wake before hand he is far too weak to properly fight. Then the fight begins, and masterfully the knight dressed in the white armor of the king to be wins. The man who drugged the prince declares a foul and states it is Bill in the armor. Bill doesn’t deny it as he takes off the helm. But he sites the law that if the prince is unwell he can ask a knight to take his place, and as Bill was knighted right before the duel, it was valid. Also, the fighter who was going to fight with the steel lance and the drugger were captured and I guess thrown in jail? Who knows, maybe they were beheaded.

Tommy Tomorrow

Tommy and his still unnamed partner (seriously he’s in almost everyone of these stories give him a name you fuck wits!) are out in space and they are passed by an alien craft. They send out a message but there is no response. As the ship seems to be heading to Earth Tommy follows it. It lands on our planet, but nothing leaves the dark ship. Tommy offers to go in first, to check it over with special equipment. It is full of wonderful machines, such as one that makes water from air.

As soon as the machines were removed the ship flew away. It was thought to be a benevolent gift from another race, but Tommy isn’t so sure. When the ship returns later, people pile inside to see what has been brought this time, but there is nothing, and the doors seal. Finding that they look just like us they decide to go to our home and take or places, to escape their police and become the important people who had been chosen to examine the new gifts. Left in a cage there seemed to be no hope, except for something Tommy has kept hidden.

With the mini acetate torch he burns out of the cage and sets a fire to the dry grasses, which brought the police. The criminals were captured, and the Earthmen sent home.

Vigilante

During a show of Greg’s Stuff notices a man they suspect to be tied with the gang they’re hunting leave the place, and keeps an eye on him while Greg wraps up and changes clothes. By following this man the two were able to see a bank robbery in progress. They see on of the crooks ‘drops’ the loot on the man they had followed there, obviously double crossing his own gang. Vig jumped at the man with the money, and we see in the other man’s thoughts that he is surprised that someone was right where he was going to dropped the loot.

They manage to shake Vig, but the man who had dropped the gold had been proven to be a traitor to the gang, and so the boss told him to either kill the Vigilante, or have proof of his crimes given to the cops. The doomed man has two men lead Vig to where he can shoot at him, but he sees the reflection and dodges in time. Knowing he has no chance the would be killer jumps off a small cliff to a river and manages to cling to a tree above the falls.

Next he goes to Vig’s hotel. (Did he get a room in both identities? Why does the Vigilante get a hotel room?) Anyway, he comes in and starts shooting. When his first shots missed he jumped out the window into a hay cart he had placed there, and it rolled him down  hill where he was able to change clothes and hide. Seeing Vig help out an old man he came up with a new idea, and the next day he disguised himself and pretended to be a weak person, that needed help. With his guard down, the man was able to shoot Vig.

Or so it appeared, for a few more panels and the gang who came to see if he was really dead, was ambushed by Vig, who looked hale and hearty. After he took them down he pointed out the mistake in the man’s disguise that had made Vig know he was a fake, (no callouses) and let him switch the bullets for blanks.

Comic Books · Dc Comics · Golden Age

1953 Dec

World’s Finest 67

Superman

One of the richest and meanest people in Metropolis  is the first we see here. He is constantly in the papers for things like failing to pay taxes or trying to evict people. He hates every on in the city, ironically it was his own ancestor who founded it! Musing on this hate he is hit by a car, and his doctor tells him his chance of survival is slim. So he decides to get revenge on the city before he dies.

Now we finally get to see Clark. He is asking Lois about the condition of Galloway (the man from above) who is still living a few days later. She heads out to get the information for the paper and Clark heads downstairs to the printing room, because he heard a shot. He has to stop a hold up there, though two crooks escaped before he arrived. Oddly what they stole were newspapers from the day before, basically valueless. That’s just the beginning too, from here on every where he turns there are crooks stealing random worthless things. They’re coming from all over as well, and Superman has to build a new jail to hold them all!

But it isn’t just Superman and the police after these petty crimesters, a gang shoots down a few who stole some glass beads from the museum, for reasons yet unknown. Superman gets his first clue when bank robbers steal a box of pennies from the vault. Each coin had a nick on it, and by stacking them by order of date he was able to see, well something. It hasn’t told me yet. But we shoot over to the crooks, who had shot the other gang. They too have figured out a code from the beads, but they said it was useless without all the clues.

But they learn that Superman has learned of the real reason behind the robberies and so decide just to go after who put the clues out there in the first place- Galloway. So they kidnap the man, who cleverly/stupidly drops a pill every once in  awhile to leave a trail. (Stupid because what if he needs one immediately? I mean I don’t know what kind of pills they are, but it sounds dangerous to toss them) Due to a hunch Superman was at Galloway’s very soon after and finds out about the kidnapping. he then goes to the police and explains about what we have learned. Galloway invited all criminals to find the clues which lead to a five million dollar treasure hidden in Metropolis.

Using a information line Superman was able to follow tales of those who saw the car, the line of pills, and a light in an abandoned building. Superman found the treasure and picked it up on the way to save the man. The crooks gave up at once. He then explained how he wanted to  rial the town up, cause gangwars, and make life hard for the citizens. But after hearing about the phone line that saved him, and the numerous cards wishing for him to recover soon, he changes his world view. He donates the money to charity and devotes the rest of his life to doing good.

Tomahawk

Tom and Dan and sneaking through town, on a mission for the rebels. They have to sneak as they have been ordered to be arrested on sight, and they have a list of minutemen on them hey dare not let the British see. They are seen however, and while ducking into a place to hide they over hear that there is a traitor. Taking a few instruments off the wall they march into the room, playing Yankee Doodle. The leader of the group in there thinks i is a great joke for a Tomahawk imitator to be playing the insulting song, until he is told it’s the real Tom. But it was too late at that point, as they were behind the man, and slammed the drum down on his head.

They also saw the traitor’s face, and so when they managed to leave their pursuers behind, they went to their meeting and told them what the man looked like. It was the owner of where they were meeting right then! and he lead the redcoats straight to them. By dropping the curtain on them Tom and some other rebels escape, and the traitor is left to make a comic parade for the prisoners, and more the British were going to pick up that night. Tom and Dan come back though and capture the man, and then take him to one of their men where he is bound.

Knowing that the parade will incite anger Tom plans to turn that anger to free their men, and changing a few words in Yankee Doodle would be their cue. After spending the night making signs and the like Tom and Dan start the parade. Their signs do the trick and the watching crowd is filled with anger at the procession. The prisoners begin to sing, and as it is a song written to mock them they aren’t stopped, but the words are new and call men to action.

The town fights and sings, and the prisoners are freed, and run to safety. They new words still booming through the air, Tom and Dan return to the woods until the next time they are called upon.

Green Arrow

A prison break, lead by a crafty man by the name of Micheals brings Oliver and Roy from their beds in the middle of the night. Because eight people escaped with him on the eigth of August Micheals decides eight is their lucky number. He dresses as an octopus, gets an octopus, and lets his new pet choose what crime they are going to pull. They go to an ice show and as the star makes a big figure 8 her skates melt an opening for the gangsters, and they begin to snatch gems. Oliver and Roy were in the stands though and manage to run off the crooks and make them drop the loot.

Next they aim to rob a boat race, and by pretending to be one of the racers and saying they sprung a leak they are brought aboard a large ship. Though they ship gets a message off, the police (and the heroes) don’t get there on time, but Oliver begins to piece together the pattern of 8. He sees the eight escapees on the tv at some sort of show, and so he and Speedy head over. They manage to capture the entire gang, except for Micheals, who then swears to kill GA.

He posts his threat in the newspaper, and says the number 8 will be they undoing of the archer. When there is a robbery on route 8 GA heads out, even though it was almost the time set that the Octopus said he would perish. Turns out they had found the bomb that was left in the Arrowcar- which has 8 letters- and road out there cause they knew he’d want to watch them die. They chase him to the hideout, have a brief tussle with the pet octopus, but get him in the end.

Batman

A man gets access to his full inheritance, and at once he goes out on dangerous expenditures, like big game hunting, and climbing Mount Everest. Being that he is a wealthy man in Gotham, naturally he knows Bruce. Though he hates to leave a case unfinished, Bruce goes to one of this man’s parties to keep his cover. Naturally criminals try to rob the wealthy guests and the host, but with Batman on hand I have no fear they’ll lose their stuff.

And I was right, Batman takes them down, and the thrill the young man gets fills him with a burning desire to fight crime, ya know for the fun of it. I do get a kick over how Robin thinks it’s impossible to have a millionaire detective. Have you forgotten who you live with? Mostly this causes Bruce alarm because the man is sure to get hurt, and possibly get in Bruce’s way as he has announced he is going after the same man Batman is hunting.

A rare book is being brought into the city and both Batman and the new detective think that it is a likely target of robbery for the Zero (the man they’re hunting). So while Batman and Robin take up guarding from afar, the new detective buys the entire store the book is being delivered to, and sits down to wait for the thief. Zero had himself delivered in a crate, and Batman could have gone after the man as he left with the loot, but he had to save the life of the millionaire instead.

The next day Bruce goes to see the man (as Bruce) and pretends to be interested in becoming a detective himself. He hears the man is offering thousands for information on the Zero. He is told that he himself will be robbed, and so he and the tipster (who I think is Zero) head to his estate. The place is empty as he called the servants and told them to leave. The tipster collapses, and while bending over him the new detective is hit. (I still think it’s him. The panel isn’t quite clear enough to prove it’s not.)

Batman and Robin, who are arrive in time to run off Zero without the gems he was after, but another point to my thinking it’s that guy, as the Zero’s mask is found in the house, and he claimed his head hurt, even though he was clutching his stomach when he fell. I mean he might have hit his head when he landed, but…

To keep a better watch on him Bruce joins the detective agency that the man had set up. As his next step the detective had issued a challenge in the paper sating that he would have a million dollars in the office that night if Zero wanted to try for it. His men had orders to keep Batman out, but haha, jokes on them he’s right next to you! Fucking Called It! Sorry a bit ahead of myself. Batman goes out of the room to change, he had figured out that the tipster was Zero, and so had no qualms diving in the window despite the fact the tipster was supposedly a hostage to Zero. (It was dark, like a fuse was cut or something) Batman explained how he had figured it out (dust, prison records) and in showing the skills needed to be a detective Batman finally put the man’s dreams of being a detective to rest.

Comic Books · Dc Comics · Golden Age

1953 Nov

Superman 85

Clark was off dealing with a cut cable in the ocean, (I think the phone lines go through those?) and a building began to fall in Metropolis. Since Superman is away you would think that a bunch of people would die right? But they are saved by the most unlikely of heroes, not someone from the JSA or any other DC hero, but the notorious Lex Luthor. He steps out of his rocket and announces that he has had a brain surgery to remove his criminal tenancies and now wants to make up for all the evil he has done. And it seemed to be true. Luthor was saving people left and right, and even capturing wrongdoers himself.

Superman doesn’t believe it for a second. He wonders just how the genius is able to get to all the disasters he does, and decides to follow him. Lex erects some dykes around a dam and tells the people it is bound to collapse, he would take their valuables with him, so they could focus on saving themselves. Clark tells Lex there is nothing wrong with the dam, but as he speaks, the dam breaks. His first thought is that he must apologize. But then he sees traces of TNT on the dam as he repairs it. Clark catches up to him when he is creating an earthquake with a giant drill. He stops the disaster and then goes after Luthor, who had used the promise of a quake to ‘protect’ a collection of jewels. Superman brings them in, tells the evidence and the world is back to normal.

2

The Publisher of the planet has stepped away for a time, leaving his sister in his place. She has some very different ideas about what a newspaper should be however. She thinks it should be more dignified, stately. She even orders a change of dress and speech in the members of the staff. Lois is really funny about it, hard headed and brash as she can be.

Clark catches her use an odd term of Speech and looks into her past. He finds out the new publisher had once run away to join the circus, though her family had hushed it up. He figures she is extra prim to make up for her past escapade.

A swindler turns up and, using flattery, gets the publisher to run a feature promoting donations to raise a ship. Superman knows the man plans to just take the money himself so he raises the ship himself, and takes away the need for donations. But the swindler isn’t one to give up easily. He comes up with another ‘worthy cause’ for the public to fund. Superman does that too, and informs the man he will do any worthy cause he can think up.

He pulls aside his friend to talk up a new plan, but the way Superman has arranged the room they were in made it so their words were brought straight to the ears of his new boss. Pissed off the woman takes to the decorations around them and trounces the men with a cry of “Hey Rube”. Finding out from the next days papers that she as being hailed as a hero and not looked down upon she swiftly changes the Planet back to normal.

3

We open upon a man who has achieved his dream of getting a professorship at a prodigious school. Feeling successful, he asks his girlfriend to marry him. She tells him that while she likes him he is too meek, especially compared to Superman. After that every mention of the Kryptonian brings the poor professor anger. So he decides to become as strong as Superman. He announces his powers to his students, and when he is not believed he pulls up a tree and then flys home. It isn’t long before the Planet gets a hold of this news and Clark goes out to investigate.

He finds that the man truly is powerful, stronger in fake than he. But he suspects a gadget as his clothes were lined with lead to keep Superman from looking under them. His lab too is lead lined, but by diving underneath he is able to see through the floor and get the answers he needs. The powers he had gained were due to the fact it was a robot doing the feats. Of course a normal robot would not be as strong as Clark, but there is kryptonite in the thing’s alloy. (Where did he manage to get that?) Clark might even let the farce go on, if it wasn’t for the fact the prof didn’t have the control he needed for such power.

And so Clark undertook the task of making it seem like the real prof had the powers of a kryptonian. Believing it almost at once he destroys he robot, not wanting any evidence he once used it. He went to take his girl out, and slightly scares her by using powers he didn’t mean to (because it was Clark). She tells him it is too frightening to be out with him and she wished he were his normal self once more. Since he believed he had gained his powers by thinking he had them, he was able to “imagine” them away. The story ends with a wedding.

Comic Books · Dc Comics · Golden Age

1953 Nov

Action Comics 186

Superman

Clark has been having the oddest feeling that some big disaster was going to hit the world. Focusing really hard he is able to recall hid father, Jor-el mentioning a great event that would strike the Earth. Clark begins to search for any signs of huge natural disasters, before realizing in might be space related. So he heads upward to look for danger. He finds that a dark star is passing by our home, far enough away not to suck us in, but but increased the speed at which the Earth turned.

Hurrying back to Metropolis Clark finds that every one has developed super-powers, well not really, but the increased speed made things weigh less, so people could lift more, run faster, and fly. Superman warns them of the danger, but they think he simply wants to be the only Super person. He and Lois are sent to see how Superman plans to slow the Earth to normal. First he simply pushes against the ground, but he breaks through it. So he makes a large break pad, but it breaks under is pressure. During this time he must keep up the illusion that he is also following behind himself with Lois. (Also Lois gets in danger a few times, but he can save her as Clark now and it’s cute okay, sue me) Finally he was able to make a giant blast of steam that went against the spin of the Earth to bring us down to normal speed.

Congo Bill

One thing before we start, did they used to call rhinos hippos? cause that’s no hippo.

I’m really bothered by this guys. But, well, it was the 50s? Anywho, Bill has this friend that wrote a letter to his wife that he was hurt and dying, and sent her his book to sell. The publisher said the feats the man claimed to do were impossible and he required pictures as proof. So Bill decided to replicate them so the book could be sold. First he had to fight a hippo (or a rhino) with no weapons. He cut off the tips of it’s horns while it slept, and went to the next task, chasing off a pack of gorillas. He did this by making a lion chase him as he ran after the primates. (No explanation as to how he got away from the lion.)

Then he just had to put a 65 pound pack on top of a hundred foot bamboo. Now if you have seen episode 315 (It took me way long to find out what ep it was) of Detective Conan you know how he did this. (Its a great show guys) But Bill did not have to do this as he found said pack on the bamboo and cut it down. Inside was a note that told the true story. The man had been captured by people who wanted to use the uranium mine he had found, and planned on keeping him til death. Bill found the men, freed his friend, who apologized for having him do the other tasks first, the pages had gotten mixed up in the mail.

Tommy Tomorrow

Are there still hot jetters? or is that something that has faded? I wouldn’t know, my hobbies include reading old comics, and other similar things. But on Earth-one while Tommy is active apparently they are still active, but, you know, in space. In case I’m talking weirdly and people don’t understand me again, Hot Jetters are people who soup up their vehicles and have races, like in Grease.

Anywho, Tommy is pulled off a ray-gun smuggling case to take care of the rampant jetters. Just as he was about to ground the whole group, a former ‘speed-bug’ offered to set up an area of space for the racers. But this didn’t end the problem as one refused to stay in the area. One day Tommy waited for the racer to split and sent the rule abiding racers after him while he went as well. It was the former speed-bug, and he had been using the jetters as a cover for his ray-gun smuggling.

Vigilante

Greg has been asked to referee a several day race, recreating the settling of a certain town. Well, not Greg, Vig, but same diff. It started off alright, until the lead man had a tire shot out, and he almost crashed. Vig and Stuff assumed that there was a grudge against the man, and kept an eye on him. But then the guy who had taken the lead next was attacked as well. Why would someone kill for a 50$ prize? Stuff asked Vig, and you have to admit, it seems a bit much.

Though it was dangerous the two disguised themselves as contestants that night, and easily took the lead with the vigcycle. They narrowly escaped being blown up, but the fools were close enough to Vig for him to place a tracker upon them. So he was able to follow to a cave along the race course where a gang had been hiding it’s loot. They had hoped to delay the race long enough to move the contraband. It was a good thing the racers came along soon though, because I doubt the two fighters would be able to take on the whole gang.

Comic Books · Dc Comics · Golden Age

1953 Oct

World’s Finest 66

Superman

Clark gets the goods on a major criminal, King Sapphire. When he reaches the apartment of the man however, he has vanished. But there was a card on the floor, calling Sapphire to a meeting with a man called ‘the Mask’. In order to catch more crooks Superman decides to take Sapphire’s place for this meeting. He and a couple of other crooks are there and they are each given a task. Superman is asked to build his strength, while the others work on a radio and with blasting powder. Because the Mask keeps mentioning further plans Clark goes along with the bank robbery that was planned. But he is stopped by the cops and his suit torn, revealing the blue costume underneath.

He tries to explain to the judge, and as he is Superman he is let off, but he cannot find the real Sapphire to prove his innocence. Soon a vast a majority of the population was doubting Superman, thinking that maybe he really was a criminal, and his previous captures were just to bolster Sapphire. Finally Clark ‘admits’ he is Sapphire and gathers a gang of his own, as he wants to catch them. The only one who doesn’t come is the Mask… Quickly he pieces together that the Mask is Sapphire and brings him in, saving his reputation in the process.

Green Arrow

This one cheats a bit about the archers never using guns. I’m not actually sure that they didn’t break it. I’ll let you decide. See Roy and Ollie were at sea, and their ship got attacked by pirates. We didn’t see much of the fight as Oliver was knocked out in the first minute, so I don’t know if they got away with anything. The thing is he was knocked out from behind, before he even drew his bow. Whatever, later they land and he and Roy are talking about all the things they’re gonna see and do. But they come across a group of men who were being attacked by raiders, who were also the pirates from earlier. They run in to help and chase the bandits off.

The men they fought with were members of the foreign legion, sent to take down the bandits, but they had been separated from their regiment by a sandstorm. Then they had been sabotaged, and had no ammunition, so their job looked hopeless. GA and Roy quickly make them bows and arrows at the oasis, and taught the men how to use them. Then they charged they hideout of the pirates. They fought valiantly, taking out cannons with their arrows, but a small accident left them with their bows incapacitated. So GA took one of the guns and used it to shoot his flaming arrow into the powder room. It probably killed several of the pirates… And it’s never found out who sabotaged the group, or hit Ollie before the battle started.

Tomahawk

The British capture a coastal town and force the men to work at making them new ships. It is no coincidence that the American’s best sea fighter came from that town, and that he was heading that way. Tom and Dan stepped in to free the town, but after they take down the leader back up comes, and he adds the frontiers men to his group of workers. It seemed hopeless to fight back. Even the man who fought back the hardest ended up offering to make them fine figureheads. Of course Tom and Dan were given the dangerous task of hitching the figureheads up. Once the ships left for battle though they were soon given away, as the figureheads called out warnings to the approaching Americans. Then using the surprise our heroes leap from their hiding places and team up to take down the enemy ships.

Batman

In this last story of the month a dangerous criminal was diagnosed with a rare heart disorder. Only four others in Gotham have it. Well obviously the crook cannot tell the doctor what he does, and so gets a list of restrictions that don’t really apply to him. A story in the newspaper gives him the idea that he should use the other men with the condition to see what he can and can’t do. Luckily for those men, Bruce’s name had been put in the folder by mistake, and so Batman knew about the kidnappings at once.

But Bruce couldn’t just sneak out the prisoners, as there was another hostage at a different location. He secretly contacted Robin, and put him on finding the woman. Meanwhile Batman had to keep the other men safe. He did this by slightly sabotaging each test, first turning off the power so the elevator wouldn’t work, and they didn’t want to walk 50 flights of stairs. Then he secretly took the place of the man sent underwater and cut the rope on barnacles. Finally he turned on the sprinkler system so there was no way the man could climb a slippery surface.

Seeing how everything went wrong the man figured someone was behind it, and so tried to flee. But he put too much faith in his human guinea pigs, and thinking he could swim because Bruce had done so, he tried to swim to his boat and perished.